Tyne and Wear HER(120): Tynemouth Priory, Roman altar - Details
Tynemouth Priory, Roman altar
Religion or Ritual
Religious Structural Object
Part of an altar, measuring 18 inches x 38 inches, was found, in 1783, in foundations on the north side of Tynemouth Priory. The decoration includes a figure, probably Hercules, with two snakes; and the inscription, I(oui) O(ptime) M(aximo)/Ael(ius) Rufus/praef(ectus) coh(ortis)/IIII Lingo/ num - "To Jupiter, Best and Greatest, Aelius Rufus, prefect of the Fourth Cohort of Lingonians (set this up)". It is assumed from the content of the inscription that this stone came from Wallsend. It is now at the Society of Antiquaries, London.
<< HER 120 >> R.P. Collingwood & R.P. Wright, 1965, The Roman Inscriptions of Britain 1300 Illustration, Gent. Mag. Eugenio, 1786, LVI, 825, pl. II, 2-4 John Brand, 1787, Explanation of the Inscriptions on a Roman Altar...found 1783, Archaeologia VIII, pp. 326-8, pl. XXI, 1-3 Illustration, John Brand, 1789, History of Newcastle, II, p. 65 note i, pl. opp. p. 47, 11. Thomas Hodgson, 1822, observations on the Altar...found at Tynemouth in...1781, Archaeologia Aeliana, 1, I, pp. 231-7 A. Way, 1847, Catalogue of antiquities...of the Society of Antiquaries of London 7 Aemilius Huebner, 1873, Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum VII, 493 J.C. Bruce, 1875, Lapidarium Septentrionale 1, pp. 9-10 H.H.E. Craster, ed. 1907, Tynemouth Priory, Northumberland County History, VIII, 36-7 and fig. 1