Tyne and Wear HER(123): Tynemouth, Anglian monastery - Details
Tynemouth, Anglian monastery
Religious Ritual and Funerary
Bede mentions the monastery, suggesting that it was in existence by the 8th century. A later tradition that King Ordnance Survey mapwin was buried there suggests that it could have been founded by as early as 651A.D. In 800A.D. it was sacked by the Danes who returned in 875A.D. and completely destroyed it. Very little is known of its history and there are no visible surviving structures. Excavation in 1963 revealed evidence for four oblong timber buildings, one beneath the crossing of the medieval priory church, the others just north of the church. Although the latter were later than the Iron Age timber-built settlement there and could be pre-Conquest in date - no datable finds were recovered to associate them with the Anglian monastery. A coin of Ethelred II (841-44A.D.) came from a post-Dissolution context and, on this and earlier occasions, four Anglo- Saxon cross fragments and a grave marker were found in or just outside the priory. Excavation in 1980 revealed another, probably pre-Conquest, timber building.
<< HER 123 >> H.H.E. Craster, 1907, Tynemouth Priory, Northumberland County History, VIII, pp. 39-41 G. Jobey, 1967, Excavation at Tynemouth Priory and Castle, Archaeologia Aeliana, 4, XLV, pp. 33-104 R.J. Cramp, 1973, Anglo-Saxon monasteries of the North, Scottish Archaeological Forum 5, pp. 104-24 Graham Fairclough, 1983, Tynemouth Priory and Castle - Excavation in the Outer Court 1980, Archaeologia Aeliana, 5, XI, pp. 101-133 B. Colgrave & R.A.B. Mynors, eds. 1969, Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People V, 6 J. Raine, ed. 1838, Miscellanea Biographica: Oswinus, Surtees Society,8, pp. 15, 24 H.H.E. Craster and R.N. Hadcock,1937, Tynemouth Priory, Archaeologia Aeliana, 4, XIV, p. 224 W.S. Gibson, 1846, The History of the Monastery of Tynemouth Vol. I (1846,), Vol. II (1847)