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Tyne and Wear HER(15433): Heaton, Waggonway from High Pit to Middle Pit - Details

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Heaton, Waggonway from High Pit to Middle Pit






Early Modern


Documentary Evidence

This waggonway ran from Heaton High Pit, the northernmost pit of Heaton Main Colliery, south-east to Middle Pit, linking with HER 15431. After the closure of Heaton Banks Colliery in 1745, there was a gap of around 45 years before coal mining came back to Heaton, this time to the eastern part of the royalty, as Heaton Main Colliery. Rights to the coal seams, deeper in this area than to the west, were leased to a George Johnson. Mining was by the late 18th century a very different business to that of the first half of the century with great advances in sinking, draining and ventilating pits, and in transporting coal long distances below ground from working faces. Only three pits were sunk to work the whole colliery. Heaton Main was served by waggonways which ran south-east between the three widely-spaced pits and on to Lawson’s Main Colliery. This line formed the middle part of the route between Middle Pit and East Heaton Pit, joined to the north by a waggonway from High Pit and to the south by a waggonway to Lawson’s Main Colliery which linked the Heaton pits to the existing Lawson’s Main route to St Anthony’s in Byker. The line is shown on Watson 27/13 This route closed in 1811 and was replaced by a line running more directly to St Anthony’s (HER 15340) from East Heaton Pit.




Alan Williams Archaeology, July 2012, Waggonways North of the River Tyne - Tyne and Wear HER Enhancement Project; North East Institute of Mining and Mechanical Engineering: All Watson Papers prefixed NRO/3410/ Watson 27/13: Plan of the line of Heaton Colliery Waggonway, 1805; Turnbull, L, 2015, A Celebration of our Mining Heritage

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