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Tyne and Wear HER(16627): Hendon, paper works - Details

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16627


Sunderland


Hendon, paper works


Hendon


NZ45SW


Industrial


Paper Industry Site


Paper Mill


Early Modern


C19


Extant Building


The paper works were open by 1872 producing 200 tons of printing and writing paper per week. 18,000 tons of esparto grass was imported from Spain and North Africa per year. By 1902 the mill had become the largest paper mill in the north of England and had supplemented esparto grasas with wood pulp. Water for the mill was drawn from a well within the works and another in Grangetown. Within the complex of buildings was a reservoir with further reservois were located to the south of the buildings. These were used to control the quality of the copius amounts of water needed for making paper and for power generation. In 1902 and still in 1915 William Aitken was the secretary of the works. He lived at Hendon Grange, a building to the south of the main complex, adjacent to the reservoirs. By 1940 Hendon Grange was used as offices. Hendon Grange was demolished in 2002-3. Numerous alterations were made to the site from 1974 onwards including a new boiler house, steel chimney (1979-1980) and reel store (1999-2000). In 1998 the reservoirs in the south-west corner of the site were filled in and converted to a car park. The paper works ceased production in 2005. The buildings at the northern end of the paper works were still in use in 2010 by the Edward Thompson Group who owned the paper works since 1981.


4094


5496


NZ40945496



TWM Archaeology, 2010, Sunderland Paper Mill, Hendon, Tyne and Wear - Archaeological Assessment; Second Edition Ordnance Survey plan, 1897; Plan of Hendon Paper Works 1944-45 TWAS DT.TRM/5/38-41;

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