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Tyne and Wear HER(198): Hadrian's Wall, Wallsend Fort (Segedunum) - Details

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198


N Tyneside


Hadrian's Wall, Wallsend Fort (Segedunum)


Wallsend


NZ36NW


Defence



Fort


Roman


C2


Demolished Building


Visible in the 18th century, the fort area had become a pit village in the early 19 th century, was built over again at the end of the 19 th century, and was only finally cleared in the 1970s and 1980s. Chance discoveries were made of a well (in 1895) and the East gate (in 1912), and the fort outline was defined in 1929. Total excavation of the surviving internal area (except under Buddle Street) took place between 1975 and 1984, and partial excavation of the south ditches took place in 1991. The fort dates from c. A.D. 125 when the second (narrow) phase of the Wall was built east from Newcastle, and it continued in use to the end of the Roman period. It had 4 double gates and, at the south end at least, 3 ditches. SCHEDULED ANCIENT MONUMENT AND UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITE


300


660


NZ300660



<< HER 198 >> J. Horsley, 1733, Britannia Romana, 1974 ed.., pp. J. Brand, 1789, History of Newcastle, Vol. I, pp. 604-5 J. Hodgson, 1840, History of Northumberland, Part II, Vol. III, 170-1, 279-80 H. MacLauchlan, 1858, Memoir written during a Survey of the Roman Wall, 06-Jul Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle, 1885, 2, I, 97, 124 Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle, 1897, 2, VII, 236 Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle, 1907, Wallsend (Segedunum), 3, II, 278-9 W.S. Corder, 1913, Segedunum, The Last Phase,Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle, 3, V, 209-14 M.H. Dodds, ed. 1930, Wallsend Fort, Northumberland County History, XIII, 485-90 G.R.B. Spain, 1931, Third Report North of England Excavation Committee, 1-2 J.C. Bruce & C.M. Daniels, 1978, Handbook to the Roman Wall, 13th ed., 55-59 R. Goodburn, ed. 1976, Roman Britain in 1975, Britannia, 7, pp. 306-8 S.S. Frere, ed. 1977, Roman Britain in 1976, Britannia, 8, pp. 371-2 R. Goodburn, ed. 1978, Roman Britain in 1977, Britannia, 9, p. 419 R. Goodburn, ed. 1979, Roman Britain in 1978, Britannia, 10, p. 279 F.O. Grew, ed. 1980, Roman Britain in 1979, Britannia, 11, 355-58 F.O. Grew, ed. 1981, Roman Britain in 1980, Britannia, 12, p. 322 N.B. Rankov, ed. 1982, Roman Britain in 1981, Britannia, 13, pp. 340-2 S.S. Frere, 1983, Roman Britain in 1982, Britannia, 14, p. 289 S.S. Frere, 1984, Roman Britain in 1983, Britannia, 15, pp. 277-79 S.S. Frere, 1985, Roman Britain in 1984, Britannia, 16, pp. 268-70 C.M. Daniels, ed. 1989, The Eleventh Pilgrimage of Hadrian's Wall,pp. 77-83 Ordnance Survey- Hadrian's Wall, W 1/1-4, NZ 3065 NW, 3066 SW, 2966 SE, 2965 NE Pers. Comm. P.T. Bidwell, 1991; David J. Breeze, 2006, J. Collingwood Bruce's Handbook to the Roman Wall, 14th edition, pp 131-138; Guy de la Bedoyere, 2005, Hadrian's Wall History and Guide; TWM Archaeology, 2010, The transcept of Wallsend Roman Fort by Buddle Street, Wallsend - archaeological assessment

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