Tyne and Wear HER(310): Tyne Bridge (medieval) - Details
Title of image: Tyne Bridge, Newcastle upon Tyne
Description: A copy of an etching of the Tyne Bridge Newcastle upon Tyne in 1771. The etching shows the Tyne Bridge after the floods of 1771. The fifth, seventh, eighth and ninth arches have collapsed taking shops and houses with them. The Medieval Tyne Bridge was possibly originally built in the late 12th century. It was rebuilt after the fire of 1248 and repaired several times before it was damaged after the floods of 1771.
Additional info: Engraving handcoloured
Location/Collection: Newcastle Libraries/Newcastle Local Studies Bridges Collection
Accession number: NCL 066525
Provider: Newcastle City Library
Copyright: All rights reserved, if you would like a printed copy of this image please contact Newcastle Libraries.
Gateshead and Newcastle
Tyne Bridge (medieval)
The medieval Tyne Bridge lay on the line of the Swing Bridge, upon or close to the remains of the Roman bridge, and is probably late 12th century in origin. It is said to have been 560 feet, or 12 arches, long, of which 3 were cellars by the 18th century. At the south end was a tower with portcullis and drawbridge, in the centre a tower with portcullis, and at the north end the magazine and a 17th century gatetower. Houses were also built on the bridge, though just when is uncertain. The Blue Stone marked the boundary on the bridge between Newcastle and the Palatinate of Durham. The bridge was demolished after being damaged in the flood of 1771. One complete land arch survives under the Swing Bridge and the east face of a second may exist in the basement of Watergate Buildings. The surviving arch is described as 44 feet wide with a span of 21 feet. SCHEDULED ANCIENT MONUMENT AND LISTED GRADE 1
<< HER 310 >> H. Bourne, 1736, History of Newcastle, pp. 127-132 C. Hutton, 1770, Map of Newcastle margin J. Smeaton, C188 Reports, Vol. 3. pp. 252-266 -Newcastle Library Local Studies J. Brand, 1789, History of Newcastle, Vol. I, pp. 35-53 T.M. Richardson, 1880, Memorials of Old Newcastle upon Tyne, Plates I and XXXI J. Clephan, 1883, Old Tyne Bridge and its 'Cellars', Archaeologia Aeliana, 2, IX, pp. 237-40 JC. Bruce, 1885, The Three Bridges over the Tyne at Newcastle, Archaeologia Aeliana, 2, X, pp. 1-11 A.M. Oliver, ed. 1924, Early Deeds relating to Newcastle upon Tyne (Chartulary of Tyne Bridge), Surtees Society,Vol. 137, pp. 62-133 E. Jervoise, 1931, The Ancient Bridges of the North of England, pp. 29-32 H.L. Honeyman, 1933, Arches of Old Tyne Bridge,Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle, 4, V (for 1931-32), pp. 184-6; Grace McCombie, 2009, Newcastle and Gateshead - Pevsner Architectural Guide, p. 15; Barbara Harbottle, 2009, The Medieval Archaeology of Newcastle in Diana Newton and AJ Pollard (eds), 2009, Newcastle and Gateshead before 1700, page 24