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Tyne and Wear HER(3431): Blaydon Burn, Massey's Forge, mill pond and dam - Details

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3431


Gateshead


Blaydon Burn, Massey's Forge, mill pond and dam


Blaydon Burn


NZ16SE


Water Supply and Drainage


Water Power Production Site


Dam


Post Medieval


C18


Structure


One of the most imposing features at Blaydon Burn is a stone dam adjacent to the former brickworks. The dam substantially intact horseshoe dam which formed part of a water powered forge site is substantially complete, although vandalism has occurred over the years. On the southern side and adjacent to the dam there is an area containing the remains of walls, foundations and kilns though much of it is largely covered by earth. Excavated in 1982 much of the detail of the structure has been recorded and a certain amount of consolidation work undertaken. Vegetation has however once more taken a hold. The dam structure lies in part over an earlier straight dam which shows up on the 1st edition Ordnance Survey plan. The style of the stonework suggests that the dam is late 18th century and was possibly part of a corn mill until the early 19th century when the forge came into operation. The buildings and waterwheels were last used in the 1890s as a foundry by the Blaydon Company of Smith Patterson.


1771


6341


NZ17716341



<< HER 3431 >> 1st edition Ordnance Survey Map, c.1855, 6 inch scale, Durham, 2 Tyne & Wear HER, Blaydon Burn File S.M. Linsley, 1981, Blaydon Burn Dam Executive Director of Planning, Gateshead MBC, 1981, Reclamation of derelict land - Blaydon Burn Mill LNH/JMW, 1975, Blaydon Burn - Industrial Archaeology Wheel Turns for Mill... Newcastle Evening Chronicle, August 3 1982 I. Ayris & S.M. Linsley, 1994, A Guide to the Industrial Archaeology of Tyne and Wear, p 50

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