Tyne and Wear HER(4271): Walbottle Moors Wagonway, Duke Pit to Cut End - Details
Walbottle Moors Wagonway, Duke Pit to Cut End
This was part of the Walbottle Moors Wagonway owned by the Duke of Northumberland. Some parts of the system pre-date 1767 and it was working by 1780, but had closed bythe mid-19th century. It is the only surviving 18th century wagonway in the Newcastle District and in the area immediately north of the Tyne. It survives in an excellent state of preservation as an original feature, not having been overlain by a later railway. The line has an association with George Stephenson, who was employed on the line as a boy, and later in its associated pits. Two small sections of this wagonway are scheduled - at Brass Pit (HER ref. 3980) and Andrew Pit (HER ref. 3979). The wagonway linked these two pits with Walbottle Colliery, Duke Pit (HER ref. 3930). SCHEDULED ANCIENT MONUMENT
<< HER 4271 >> 2nd edition Ordnance Survey map, 1898, 6 inch scale, Northumberland, 87, SE I.M. Ayris, 1992, Tyne & Wear HER, Newcastle District File, Dewley Hill Opencast Proposal English Heritage, 1998, Schedule Entry Monument No. 30923; C.R. Warn, 1976, Waggonways and Early Railways of Northumberland, 1605-1840 (p 48, route 22); Walker and Warner, 1952, Northumberland; Gibson 1787: Plan of the Collieries of the Rivers Tyne and Wear; Casson 1801: Map of the Rivers Tyne and Wear; Alan Williams Archaeology, 2012, Waggonways North of the River Tyne: Tyne and Wear HER Enhancement Project 2011-12; Gibson 1787: Plan of the Collieries of the Rivers Tyne and Wear; Casson 1801: Map of the Rivers Tyne and Wear; Archaeological Services Durham University, 2015, Lower Callerton, Newcastle upon Tyne - Archaeological Evaluation; Headland Archaeology, 2017. Dewley Hill Surface Mine.