Tyne and Wear HER(4912): Cleadon, Heavy Anti Aircraft Battery Tyne O - Details
Cleadon, Heavy Anti Aircraft Battery Tyne O
Anti Aircraft Battery
Designated as Tyne O. Shown on 10,560 scale Ordnance Survey map of 1951 although not detailed, perhaps for security reasons. Also shown on 1:10,000 scale Ordnance Survey map of 1968. Aerial photographs held by the National Monuments Record, Swindon show that it was derelict by 1956, with some demolition of buildings on the western portion of the complex having taken place. By 1965 most buildings in the western part had been removed, those on the eastern side remained. Roger Thomas of English Heritage's York Office interprets the site as a heavy anti-aircraft battery that was manned by territorial units of the Royal Artillery. The battery operated between February 1940 and January 1946. It was a "fixed site" which included anti-aircraft guns, a gun-laying radar, machine gun posts around the site, a magazine, canteen, guardroom, pillbox, gun store, barracks and a Bofors gun pit. All were within a barbed wire perimeter. The site was downgraded in the early 1950s to an unmanned unit ready for rapid response. The site was finally stood down in 1956 and was probably returned to the landowner by the early 1960s. On one aerial photograph a baseball diamond can be seen marked out east of the accomodation blocks, suggesting use by US servicemen.
<< HER 4912 >> RPS Consultants, 2000, Sunderland AFC Academy, Whitburn Moor, Tyne and Wear, Archaeological Assessment; Northern Archaeological Associates, 2015, The Cleadon Village Atlas p231