Tyne and Wear HER(5019): Willington Quay, Aluminium Works - Details
Willington Quay, Aluminium Works
Shown as 'disused' on second edition OS map. The aluminium factory used the Kurt Netto process to produce aluminium from cryolite used sodium. It was run by the Alliance Aluminium Company in the 1880s. Within two years, the Hall-Heroult process was adapted, which used electricity instead of sodium. In 1907 the Aluminium Corporation started to use this process throughout England. They built a new aluminium factory at Wallsend to replace the previous one.
<< HER 5019 >> 2nd edition Ordnance Survey map, 1898; F. Atkinson, 1980, North East England at Work; Archaeological Services Durham University, 2012, Hadrian Riverside, Wallsend, Tyne and Wear - archaeological assessment