Tyne and Wear HER(5142): Byker, St Lawrence Wire Rope Works - Details
Byker, St Lawrence Wire Rope Works
Rope Manufacturing Site
A former rope works building interesting not only as a vestige of the rope industry on Tyneside but also for the use of ferro concrete in the early 20th century extension to the building. A 376 foot long building was added to the site for Messrs. T & W Smith Ltd, the roof of which comprises 33 ferro-concrete trusses. The St Lawrence Ropery was established in the 18th century. The earliest extant documentary reference to the rope-walk at St Lawrence dates from 1724. In 1782 the shipbuilding and ropemaking company and T & W Smith started work at the ropery. This ropery appears to have been extended over the sites of the middle and high glasshouses (HER 1913-1915) in the early 19th century. Further minor alterations took place before the construction of a ferro-concrete ropery shed before 1913. The site was acquired by J. Porter in the early 1930s and converted to a joinery shop, in which use it remains. The 19th century ropery buildings to the south east and north west of the site were demolished in the 1940s and 1990s respectively.
<< HER 5142 >> I. Ayris & S.M. Linsley, 1994, A Guide to the Industrial Archaeology of Tyne and Wear, p 55 J.C. Mabbitt, 2002, Tyne and Wear Museums, St Lawrence Ropery, Byker, Archaeological Assessment and Building Recording L.G. Mouchal & Partners Ltd, 1921, Hennebique Ferro-Concrete 1882, Plan of St Lawrence Works, Tyne and Wear Archive Service, T186-9854; Tyne and Wear Museums, 2004, St. Lawrence Ropery, Byker, Archaeological Evaluation and recording of an air raid shelter; Archaeological Services Durham University, 2008, St Lawrence Ropery, Newcastle upon Tyne - Archaeological Evaluation