Tyne and Wear HER(744): Backworth, Roman hoard - Details
Backworth, Roman hoard
A hoard of gold and silver objects was found in 1812, supposedly near Backworth and, according to Haverfield, was sold to a Newcastle silversmith. He resold "all, or nearly all" to Mr. J. Brumell, a Newcastle collector, from whom most of the objects passed in 1850 to the British Museum. The hoard consisted of: a silver skillet in which were a pair of silver-gilt trumpet brooches, one silver and five gold rings, one gold bracelet, two gold chains with wheel-shaped pendant, and a crescent attached, three silver spoons, another silver skillet, 280+ Roman denarii, and two first brass coins of Antoninus Pius. A white bronze mirror had served as a cover. The date of deposition is thought likely to be A.D. 140. The larger skillet and one of the gold rings each have an inscription, a dedication to the mother-goddesses. This list does not wholly accord with Haverfield's: in particular he suggests that an oval silver dish 18 inches long and 2 pieces of a silver bridle bit never reached the British Museum.
<< HER 744 >> J.C. Bruce, 1875, Lapidarium Septentrionale, pp. 272-3, no. 535-6 R.A. Smith, 1922, A Guide to the Antiquities of Roman Britain, pp. 54, 55, 62, 63, 68 S.S. Frere, & R.S.O. Tomlin, ed. Instrumentum Domesticum Fasc., Museum of Antiquities Roman Inscriptions of Britain, 2, 2414.36 pp. 40-1; Fasc. 3, 2422.9 p. 17 F. Haverfield in H.H.E. Craster, ed. 1909, Note on the Backworth Find, Northumberland County History, IX, 26-32 Archaeologia Aeliana, Bell,1, I, 167; TW Potter, 1997, Roman Britain, second edition; The Backworth Treasure www.britishmuseum.org P&EE 1850 6-1 1-17; www.twmuseums.org.uk/segedunum-roman-fort/whats-on/exhibitions/the-backworth-hoard