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Tynemouth, Robert Mowbray's castle
The existence of a Norman castle at Tynemouth is known from the account of the rebellion in 1095 by Robert Mowbray, earl of Northumberland (from c.1080) against William Rufus when the castle was besieged for two months before surrendering. The site of this castle has not been proved, but many authorities place it on the site of the 14th century castle.
<< HER 132 >> H.H.E. Craster, 1907, Northumberland County History, Vol. VIII, p. 52 and note 2 C.H. Hunter Blair, 1944, The Early Castles of Northumberland, Archaeologia Aeliana, 4, XXII, pp. 127-129 R.N. Hadcock, 1962, Tynemouth Priory and Castle, MPBW guidebook p. 20 Rolls Series Symeon, 1885, Historia Regum, II, p. 225